Cannabis is obtained from cannabis sativa plant. Its major chemical components are Tetrahydrocannabinol, THC and cannabinol, CBD. These two compounds have been proven beyond any doubt to be medically beneficial to mankind. THC has been found to prevent advancement of neurodegenerative ailments like Alzheimer and epilepsy while CBDs are commonly used as pain relievers, anti-insomnia and antidepressants. However, THC which is the major component of the cannabis is reported to have negative effects on people if used in large amounts frequently. The brains’ endocanabinoid receptors bind well with the THC leading to the ‘ire’ effects. Conversely, the CBD which is non-psychotic, are able to dislodge the THC from the receptors thus reversing the euphoric effects. CBDs are thus considered sanitizers for THCs.
Having psychotic and intoxicating effects, THCs’ excessive use has been associated with mental health risks both in adults and teens. Its ability to effectively bind to the brain receptors leads to loss of balance and memory of its users. Its mental effect on users can be classified into two:
Short term memory loss
Here the users’ ability to retain and recall information is impaired. Fortunately, this occurs for a shorter duration. Once the europhic effects subside, the user is able to recall and retain before next consumption. The problem can be addressed when the users completely halts the use of the product.
Long term memory loss
The cannabis user ability to retain and recall information is permanently compromised. These are common when consumption is frequent and extreme leading to destruction of brain cells. This state is near irreversible due to destruction of brain cells which may in the long run affect the learning process of the users. However, memory can be regained upon cessation of consumption of the product coupled with relevant therapy on the user.
Scientifically, it has been established that young frequent users of cannabis develop very thin temporal and frontal cortices which are key areas in memory functions. This may lower the teenagers’ motivation to learn thus affecting their education life.
Surprisingly, use of cannabis later in life has no severe effects on the users’ cognitive ability. This may be attributed to that fact that there is no serious production of brain cells at later stage in life hence the mild effect.
However, there are no scientific data to support negative effects of cannabis on unborn infants. Precautions should however be taken to avoid any future regrets.
Use of cannabis is gaining popularity especially among the youth. This practice should however be discouraged due to its unwanted societal effects: dependence, mental health and loss of self-esteem. Even though there are cases where its use is legalized due to medical situations, stricter measures should be observed to minimize cases of abuse and misuse. Its effect in adults is stated to be less severe but measures should be taken to diminish use of cannabis for whatever objectives in our society save for medication. Its victims can still be counseled and encouraged to stop its consumption to prevent further memory degradation.